Distrito Federal Mobility Plan
DISTRITO FEDERAL – BRASÍLIA
Space for people in Brasilia
Among several aspects that permeate a sustainable city, the modes of travel in it certainly make up one of the main issues. Urban planning conditions displacement practices – a more compact city can better respond to environmental and energy challenges and contribute to sustainable mobility – or, still, a city with the mobility plan closely related to the master plan for territorial planning, enables the reversion of the model in which the use of the individual car is highly prominent, favoring walking, cycling and other more sustainable modes.
The work consisted of the production of surveys and studies for the diagnosis of the current situation of mobility on foot in all 31 administrative regions of the Federal District, in addition to the elaboration of proposals to encourage non-motorized trips and the connection with other modes of public transport (bus and subway). Aiming to produce a reference document for the Mobility Secretariat of the Federal District with guidelines that guide the Pedestrian Mobility Plan.
The project region presents the challenge of being configured by a dispersed and extensive urban network, not conducive to active commuting. The monofunctionality characteristics and few mixed areas in the original plan, the low connectivity between the extensive blocks and the high concentration of people living far from the center – area with the highest concentration of jobs – are some of the challenges related to the walkability and efficiency of the infrastructure urban.
The elaboration of the Pedestrian Mobility Plan had several stages. The last stage, focused on access to the public transport network, aimed to develop a complementary proposal to the Plan and the indicative of strategic actions, budget and the indication of pedestrian route models.
The preferred routes for access to the DF’s terminals and public transport stations were identified. In order to propose improvements, the guidelines outlined aimed at creating interventions in the urban space, providing greater security for commuting, expanding the coverage area of subway stations and bus terminals, based on the reorganization of flows and new cycle routes and pedestrian routes. accessible.
Some design examples to improve walking conditions in the areas of public transport stations and terminals have been developed and divided between general design criteria for pedestrians; speed reducing elements; and design proposal for the stop points.
The selection of the sidewalk typology depends on the volume of pedestrians, the uses of the road and the existing section. From the pedestrian’s point of view, the main criteria for improving walkability refer to road safety (crossings, vehicle speed); attraction (permeability, mixed uses and at different times of the day); sidewalk (typology, material, floor conditions); environment (cleaning, noise pollution, shelter); mobility (size of courts, cycle network); public safety (lighting, pedestrian flow, crime incidence).