Biomes of Brazil in Dubai
Nature is a living system, made up of complex relationships between beings. Brazil, a country of continental dimensions and holder of the greatest biodiversity on the planet, presents itself under six different sets of ecosystems, the so-called biomes. It is in these geographical spaces between “heaven and earth”, in its most primitive sense, that the exchange between human beings and nature takes place.
The characteristics of each biome and its great richness of fauna and flora influence the development of society, the occupation of our territory, and the construction of the culture and identity of our people.
The proposal for the Brazil pavilion at Expo 2020 starts from the premise of a hybrid relationship between architecture and expography, composed of four main elements:
- The sky, the great cover that shelters and sustains.
- The land on which we step, a base that organizes the flow and enables functional uses.
- Biomes, a set of expographic content, a space designed between heaven and earth, scenarios of the diversity and richness of our regions and where relationships take place. Those are: Pampa, Atlantic Forest, Pantanal, Caatinga, Cerrado and Amazon.
- Thematic axes, elements that aggregate the content and guide the visitor through immersive, affective, and sensory experiences, representing Biodiversity, Society, Production, Experience and Tomorrow.
Visitors are guided by the thematic axes represented on the floor lines, introducing illuminated messages that lead them through the pavilion, strengthened by the landscaping, which changes as the content develops.
The distribution of the program and its uses and organization were designed to meet the different profiles of the visitors inside the pavilion, in order to offer a complete experience to everyone. The main and accessible circuit gives entry to all spaces with a privileged view. An immersive circuit allows a panoramic view of the pavilion from a playful experience. The VIP circulation allows strategic access to the exhibition and meeting rooms. The program also includes a store of artistic elements and articles that refer to Brazil, as well as a restaurant and multipurpose room.
The expographic concept is based on the idea that architecture and expography complement each other. When crossing each biome, visitors live sensory experiences through the combination of sounds, temperature, humidity variations and the exposed contents, presented interactively with different resources and technologies – such as “games” and applications.
One of the main objectives, was the search for a sustainable project. With that, the guiding principles that led the development of the proposal were traced, covering various solutions in an integrated manner. The building has an energy efficiency system, water mist and a variety of strategies that will guarantee the quality of its internal environments.
The landscaping highlights the Brazilian nature and seeks to represent the diverse landscapes observed in the country. The logistical, phytosanitary and commercial aspects of the implementations were evaluated, in order to ensure the creation of such landscape compositions. The sets, are related to expography and messages of alert and awareness regarding the role of human beings in the conservation and preservation of biodiversity.
The assembly process is divided into two main parts: construction of the external support elements and the reticulated wooden grid of the roof. The choice of the “gridshell” system facilitates the process and reduces construction costs, seeking to achieve maximum structural efficiency. When disassembling the pavilion, the structure can be transported to Brazil and used in the construction of an identical pavilion, as well as housing cultural and interpretive centers, or even divided into smaller pavilions, for different purposes.